Treatment For Erectile Dysfunction
Male impotence, or erectile dysfunction, refers to the inability to attain or maintain an erection sufficient for successful sexual activity. Erection of the male organ occurs when the arteries carrying blood to the organ widen allowing more blood to flow in, while the veins carrying blood away from it become compressed restricting blood from flowing out. Certain male hormones and nerves also induce and maintain an erection. Medication or disease could cause abnormalities associated with the proper function of these nervous or hormonal systems, which affect a man’s ability to have and sustain an erection and/or experience an orgasm.
Erectile dysfunction may be the result of any number of physical and psychological factors. The disorder can generally be classified as to whether it is caused by organic (i.e., due to a bodily organ or organ system malfunction) or psychogenic (mental) factors. Diseases, nutritional imbalance, trauma, surgical procedures or medications can impact on the ability to have erections by alteration of the responsible nervous, vascular or hormonal systems. Erectile dysfunction may be caused by a combination of these factors.
The condition can be treated with medications; with some men requiring more than one prescription (depending on the response and tolerance of the patient to various medications). Sufferers, however, are encouraged by their doctors to make lifestyle adjustments to help arrest the underlying cause of the condition. Improving eating habits, quitting use of tobacco products, moderating alcohol intake and getting regular exercise contribute to the alleviation of the symptoms associated with the disorder.
Non-surgical regimes to treat for male impotence aside from oral or topical medication include external vacuum devices, hormonal therapy, penile injection therapy, and intra-urethral pellet therapy. Many who are challenged with male impotence are reluctant to discuss their sexual problems, but sex counseling helps in conjunction with these therapies. In several cases, an experienced urologist combines several of these methods. When these methods do not work, surgical treatment like penile prosthesis is a possible option.
The first oral pill that has achieved such a wide recognition for effective treatment of male impotence is sildenafil citrate (Viagra). It has been proven to help sufferers of erectile dysfunction achieve erections for successful sexual intercourse. The medication, though, does not improve erections in healthy men; neither is it an aphrodisiac to help increase libido.
Several other drugs are now available in addition to sildenafil citrate. Tadanafil (Cialis), vardenafil (Levitra), and avanafil (Stendra) work just like Viagra by prolonging the action of a penile enzyme that stimulates arousal, which in turn causes the erection. Cialis is known to be capable of working up to 36 hours while Levitra can help sustain an erection from 4 to 16 hours. It has been found that Stendra takes effect within 15 – 30 minutes and could be taken with alcohol.
Intake of drugs for erectile dysfunction, just like any medication is not without possible complications. Consultation with a qualified and experienced urologist is still highly recommended for proper diagnosis and treatment and administration of the proper medication dosage.